Offender Treatment - Comparison of Prison & Non-prison Treatment
GORSKI-CENAPS Web Publications
Published On: August 30, 2001
Updated On: September 06, 2001
© Terence T. Gorski, 2001
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Prison and Non-Prison Treatment
August 30, 2001
A new study shows that women receive different types of benefits from prison-based addiction treatment programs and those located off prison
grounds, Substance Abuse Funding News reported Aug. 14.
Elizabeth Hall, project director of the Forever Free Substance Abuse
Treatment Program Outcomes Study <see
the study on line> at the University of California, said the
study found that women who received prison-based treatment initially did better on parole and with cutting drug use. On the other hand, women in
the non-prison program fared better finding jobs.
But a year later, when researchers conducted a review of study participants, they found that 35 percent of the prison group had used
alcohol or other drugs during the month before the interview, compared with 8 percent of the non-prison group.
Also, 75 percent of the prison group reported using alcohol or other drugs
at some time during their parole period, compared with half of the non-prison group.
The study's findings were presented at the recent National Institute of
Justice's Research & Evaluation Conference in Washington, D.C.
An Outcome Evaluation of
The Forever Free Substance Abuse Treatment Program
It On Their Website>
Michael L. Prendergast, Ph.D., Principal Investigator
Elizabeth A. Hall, Ph.D., Project Director
The Forever Free Substance Abuse Treatment Program is an intensive
residential treatment program lasting four to six months for women inmates
with substance abuse problems, followed by up to six months of community
residential treatment in contracted facilities during parole supervision.
The Forever Free program is located at the California Institution for
Women (CIW) in Frontera. As part of NIJ's Residential Substance Abuse
Treatment for State Prisoners Evaluation Program, the UCLA Drug Abuse
Research Center (DARC) is conducting a two-year outcome study of the
Forever Free Substance Abuse Treatment Program at the California
Institution for Women (CIW).
The specific objectives of the study are as follows:
|To compare the 12-month outcomes of Forever Free participants with a
comparison sample from the general prison population with regard to
parole performance, drug use, employment, and psychological
|To determine differential outcomes of Forever Free participants
within selected subgroups (defined by time in community residential
treatment, primary drug problem, ethnicity, criminal history, child
custody/parenting status, psychological functioning, level of
therapeutic alliance, treatment readiness, and locus of control).
|To examine differences between Forever Free women and comparison
women with regard to their relationship with their children following
release to parole (custody, placement, services received, and
|To disseminate project findings to policy makers, researchers, and
practitioners in criminal justice and drug treatment.|
Proposed Research Design and Methodology.
The focus of the study, which extends our current process evaluation of
Forever Free, is an outcome evaluation of the program including collection
of follow-up interview data by telephone, urinalysis results from a
subsample of subjects to validate self-report, and data from criminal
justice records on approximately 100 in the program participant group and
approximately 100 in a non-treatment comparison group, with a focus on the
variables listed above.
Status: As of October 2000, Forever Free has finished data
collection and is currently in the data cleaning mode.
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